THE MUSINA-MAKHADO SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) PROCESS

OCTOBER 2021 INTRODUCTION TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROCESS Many communities in both urban and rural areas of South Africa are unaware that Environmental Impact Assessments are a legal requirement for sustainable development, and for any development project that may significantly impact the environment. The National Environmental Management Act (NEMA), a South African environmental law, regulates Environmental Impact Assessments, both … Read More

FACTSHEET ON THE MUSINA-MAKHADO SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) 2020-2021

In South Africa, Environmental Impact Assessments are a legal requirement for sustainable development. A 1998 law, the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) regulates EIAs, including the Musina      Makhado Special Economic Zone (MMSEZ). South African EIAs follow international best practice to include local communities. NEMA (Section 24) insists, “…the participation of all interested and affected parties in environmental governance must be … Read More

THE MUSINA-MAKHADO ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROCESS: FAILURES OF INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

Policy brief 3 by Lisa Thompson and Hazel Shirinda INTRODUCTION: THE MUSINA MAKHADO METALLURICAL ZONE AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT The core of China’s Foreign Policy in Africa strategy is setting up Special Economic Zones as part of the establishment of what is known as the Belt and Road Initiative. The BRI strategy of International Developmental Assistance (IDA) combines trade and infrastructural … Read More

A view of the proposed Musina-Makhado Special Economic Zone MMSEZ) from Hazel Shirinda, MsC Candidate In Environmental Science and Environmental Activist in Limpopo Province

By Hazel Shirinda As part of Limpopo province community, how do I see the Musina-Makhado Special Economic Zone and its effects on my community and others in Limpopo province?  The MMSEZ is located some +100km from my town (Malamulele). The activities of the project will affect me and my community both directly and indirectly. While we get water from a … Read More

WHAT IS THE ROLE OF SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH?

… AND WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE MUSINA-MAKHADO SEZ (MMSEZ) Policy brief by Lisa Thompson and Hazel Shirinda INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS SO SPECIAL ABOUT SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES? Over the last decade, Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have been promoted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Bank as effective … Read More

Public participation is a farce in Musina-Makhado project

Lisa Thompson  Meshack Mbangula After three public participation rounds in September and October 2020 and in January 2021 it is hard to imagine that the directive for more thorough public participation on the Environmental Impact Assessment Report for the proposed Musina-Makhado Special Economic Zone could go wrong again. Yet, last week, the meetings exploded as people vented their frustration about inadequate information on the zone. … Read More

Musina-Makhado March 22nd -31st 2021

Recent fieldwork in Musina-Makhado in March 22nd -31st 2021 again underline the relative lack of knowledge transfer between the provincial government agency, the Limpopo Economic Development Agency (LEDA), the Environmental Impact Assessment practitioner Delta BEC and communities in the area on the proposed Musina Makhado Special Economic Zone that promises close to 55 000 jobs for locals. The African Centre for … Read More