Participatory Development Activist Research


Official names:
Shireen De Visser – Senior Manager Governance and Risk
Gurswin Cain – Manager IDP and Performance Management

The meeting which was held at the Kayamandi Community Hall had in attendance all the Wards representatives within the community. The representatives comprises of Ward Administrators, Ward Committee Members, and Councilors from all the Wards. There are four (4) Wards within Kayamandi community and they are; Ward 12, 13, 14, and 15. This Ward Plan meeting is held twice in a year. The first for this year was held in March 2019. And the main purpose of the meeting is to assess and ensure that the community representatives and municipality are on the same page in terms of key priorities projects identified earlier from the IDP public participation meeting held in September 2019.

Each table had on it documents to be used by the community representatives (Ward Administrators, Ward Committees members) and Councilors for the participatory process. The documents on each table are; Template for priorities, Attendance register and 2019/2020 Ward priorities and feedback booklet.

Template for priorities: this form is provided by the municipality for the community representatives to populate by either re-prioritize or leave their earlier identified needs as it is. This need identification process reduce the broader needs of the community to specifics. From the municipality side, it allows and help for linking each specifically identified need by the community representatives to a directorate responsible.

Attendance register: the attendance register captures all the community representatives present at the Ward plan meeting. It becomes vital because a participant, either a Ward Councilor present or a nominated community representative has to sign on the template to be submitted to the municipality at the end of the project identification process.

2019/2020 Ward priorities and

Brief Description Of The Kayamandi Project

The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) South Africa and the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) Nigeria: a case study-based analysis, is a research project being carried out by the African Centre for Citizenship and Democracy (ACCEDE). This project is born out of the rampant issues surrounding development and poverty in most third world countries especially sub-Sahara African countries. Larger population of the citizens of these countries are trapped in poverty despite huge and several developmental initiatives, programmes and project initiated by governments of these countries and voluntary organizations at grassroots levels. This participatory development project is focused on two major areas which are; level of participation/stakeholders engagement and the nature of participatory development approach use by development providers.

With Kayamandi and Bwari communities as case studies in South Africa and Nigeria respectively, Alaji Friday and Prof. Lisa Thompson are working together to assess the level of participation and/or inclusiveness in developmental projects in rural communities in both countries. And to also examine the knowledge and nature of participatory development approach use by project staff. This research entails a check on how participatory these two projects are and to ascertain the staff’s level of knowledge on participatory development.

Left to Right: Gurswin Cain, Shireen De Visser, Alaji Friday , Lisa Thompson

The two cases to be studied (Kayamandi – South Africa and Bwari – Nigeria) are faced with both developmental and socio-economic issues. Some of the common challenges they share are; infrastructure challenges (roads and drainages), lack basic social amenities (potable water, good road, and light), poor service delivery, good governance issues, poor health, and educational facilities, low-income levels, high rate of unemployment, low level of education and high crime rate.

The municipalities which are hosts to these communities under investigation are also faced with a lot of challenges ranging from …

Special Economic Zones Fieldwork 2019

Coega SEZ

In National (Dti led) development discourse, the Coega SEZ continues to be widely feted in South Africa and internationally as the SEZ poster child for South African and African SEZs. Yet, the Dti having reported that total state capital and infrastructural investment in ratio to job creation showing the huge discrepancy of expenditure relation to permanent appointments. In 2016/7 each permanent position came at total state investment cost of R1.2 million (Dti SEZ Report, 2016/7).

Investment in the SEZ has also been widely marketed to show success, but in general, even interviews at Coega with the Marketing CEO Ayanda Vilakasi confirm that the investment commitments in the SEZ frequently don’t materialize. Nicknamed the “Ghost on the Coast” due to the glacially slow build-up of investment, the following viusals of the SEZ show that it is far from a hub of industrial, manufacturing and shipping activity.

Agni Steel SA prior to expansion in July 2018

The photo of the Planned Expansion of the Steel recycling and processing plant, Agni Steel SA by Department of Economic Development, Environmental Affairs & Tourism (DEDEAT) shows investment in the Zone is still not on par with capital investment, with huge tracts of land still both unutilised and under-utilised.

In 2018, prior to the BRICS Summit in Johannesburg, the Beijing Automobile Industrial Corporation (BAIC) and South African Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) joint car manufacturing venture released the first semi-knocked up SUV. The manufacturing investment of R11 billion, represents the single largest FDI injection into an SEZ in South Africa in the years 2016-2018. In June 2018, Lin Songtian, Chinese Ambassador stated, “I’ve been to many developing countries and industrial development zones and the Coega SEZ is by far the best of them all.”

Launch of the first semi-knocked down BAIC X25 before the BRICS

ACCEDE’s Catalytic Activist Research Support

ACCEDE’s focus on inclusive development is centered on ethnographic and action-research that explores the detail of community participation and provides information and linkage support to activist organisations, including facilitating workshop dialogue.

This close collaboration with activist organisations and unions aims to understand the interface between local political economic dynamics, workers’ rights issues and how these link broader global development debates and narratives.

Currently, the activist research linkages are focused on the local and global political economy dynamics in eThekwini, Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality and Musina Makhado.

In eThekwini, the linkages between the Durban Port and Dube Trade Port are explored through liaising with under and unemployed communities in and around the ports, triangulating these findings with research and fieldtrips within the Dube Zone itself and in liaison with the Transnet officials around the transport and containerization linkages between the two Ports. The key local community organisation is the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, SDCEA (in collaboration with Groundwork).

SDCEA has assisted in hosting a community dialogue with 46 members of the communities of poorer areas in Durban affected by the lack of employment creation in the two ports. ACCEDE Researchers also attended a municipal/community debate on air pollution in South Durban and the systemic environmental effects of the refineries and factories in the area that produce significant and badly monitored levels of air pollution (SDCEA and Groundwork meeting with City Health Centre Officials: Pollution Control and Risk Management 23 May 2019). A further SDCEA community organization-based seminar will be held in conjunction with Groundwork to discuss fieldwork findings in relation to the Durban and Dube Ports and Just Transition/Sustainable Development debates and National Policy commitments in October 2019.

In Limpopo province project fieldwork with Macua/Wamua and Action Aid will establish local political economic dimensions and community perceptions of the …

South -South Sustainable Development

Sustainable development as a theme for integrating the South into the Global Political Economy is driven hard in policy rhetoric in both the G20 and BRICS. Sustainable development is used to refer both to the ability of the South sustain development (i.e. with less and less state economic support) in addition to ensuring the environmental and Just Transition dimensions of sustainability. In our research on Special Economic Zones and broader development strategies in the South we focus on how these initiatives comply with either understanding of sustainability.

In relation to our current research on the three economic zones Coega, Dube Trade Port and Musina Makhado, issues arise about how these will fulfil their inclusive development policy promises.   Coega, while established some 18 years ago, has not created employment in ratio with state capital expenditure. Dube, while impressively ecologically sophisticated in terms of the hydroponic Agri-Zone, aims to radically increase its carbon footprint through the proposed Aerotropolis. Dube SEZ has also lagged behind in skills creation in a Zone which emphasises technological sophistication. On the 1st August 2019, while promising that the Aerotropolis would create 75 000 jobs, MEC for Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs, Nomusa Dube-Ncube emphasized that her administration had identified the “…need to market the province of KwaZulu-Natal.., as the persistently high unemployment rate which Stats SA has announced at 29%”.

Musina-Makhado and related up and downstream industries rely on carbon intensive energy sources. The EMSEZ, as it has been named, is based on Chinese investors signed agreements to build a $10 billion metallurgical complex in South Africa during President Xi Jinping’s state visit this week and hope to start construction next year, an executive involved in the project and a provincial official told Reuters. As already flagged, the EMSEZ start-up industry is a 4600 MegaWatt coal plant …