The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) South Africa and the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) Nigeria: a case study-based analysis, is a research project being carried out by the African Centre for Citizenship and Democracy (ACCEDE). This project is born out of the rampant issues surrounding development and poverty in most third world countries especially sub-Sahara African countries. Larger population of the citizens of these countries are trapped in poverty despite huge and several developmental initiatives, programmes and project initiated by governments of these countries and voluntary organizations at grassroots levels. This participatory development project is focused on two major areas which are; level of participation/stakeholders engagement and the nature of participatory development approach use by development providers.
With Kayamandi and Bwari communities as case studies in South Africa and Nigeria respectively, Alaji Friday and Prof. Lisa Thompson are working together to assess the level of participation and/or inclusiveness in developmental projects in rural communities in both countries. And to also examine the knowledge and nature of participatory development approach use by project staff. This research entails a check on how participatory these two projects are and to ascertain the staff’s level of knowledge on participatory development.
The two cases to be studied (Kayamandi – South Africa and Bwari – Nigeria) are faced with both developmental and socio-economic issues. Some of the common challenges they share are; infrastructure challenges (roads and drainages), lack basic social amenities (potable water, good road, and light), poor service delivery, good governance issues, poor health, and educational facilities, low-income levels, high rate of unemployment, low level of education and high crime rate.
The municipalities which are hosts to these communities under investigation are also faced with a lot of challenges ranging from the lack of adequate infrastructure, growing population, lack of adequate housing facilities to cater for its teeming population, shortage of health and social facilities. They also face rural challenges such as waste disposal problems, low economic activities, and lack of non-farm development. Most of the residents depend on land-based livelihood options. Many other communal issues, such as land tenure practices and land access problems are common within these municipalities. Most of these issues have negative effects on rural and community development and in turn, infringe on the people’s quality of life.